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Monday, March 8, 2021
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History of Alliance Ohio

"history-of-alliance-ohio" | Alliance | OhHistory of Alliance Ohio

Alliance Ohio – The Carnation City

Known as the “Carnation City,” Alliance Ohio was formed from the alliance of three communities in 1850, Williamsport, Liberty and Freedom.  In 1888, the village of Mount Union was annexed into Alliance. 

The town became officially incorporated in 1889.

The railroad has played a major role in the city’s history.  Alliance was the intersection of two railroads, the Cleveland and Wellsville Railroad and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad.  Because of this the town was also known as “The Crossing”. 

The city was often referred to as the town where Main Street is a “dead end” because the streeet ended at the train station. The railroads not only provided transportation for travelers but also was instrumental in bringing raw materials for manufacturing and sending finished product out for retail sale.

Local Attractions In Alliance Ohio

The town is home of the Glamorgan Castle, previous home of the owner of Morgan Engineering, the Haines House, a restored underground railroad home, and the Mabel Hartzell Historic home. Levi Lamborn, the man who cultivated Ohio’s state flower, the red carnation, resided in Alliance.

Today, Alliance is best known for Mount Union University.  The university started in 1846 and today has an enrollment of more than 2,200 students.  It has been listed as one of the top Midwest colleges for 14 consecutive years.

“Mount Union offers 55 majors and 53 minors of academic coursework in keeping with the liberal arts tradition. Students are encouraged to explore a variety of departments and majors to discover potential talents and interests. Through general education course requirements, students are able to familiarize themselves to a variety of majors and minors. Students are also encouraged to meet their academic departmental adviser, to find guidance in deciding what majors and minors are most advantageous.

The University also offers pre-professional programs in pre-health professions (pre-medicine), pre-law and pre-ministry as well as Army ROTC.” (Wikipedia)


The city has a total area of 8.92 sq. miles.  The Mahoning River flows through the northeast part of the city. The population in 2010 was 22,322 which is a decrease of 4% from the year 2000. Over 1,500 businesses operate in Alliance Ohio.

Read more history of Stark County cities and towns as they become available by signing up for our free newsletter below.

John Heiermann, founder,